These hills are considered to be demigods personified. For example, Nandishwar Parwat in Nand Gaon is considered to be Lord Shiva himself; the four hills in Barsana named Bhramanchal are considered to be the four heads of Lord Brahma, the craetr in the Hindu trinity. In addition to this there are five magnificent Jain temples in the region.
Various scriptures such as the Shrimad Garg Sanhita, Shrimad Bhagwatam, Shri Braj Bhakti Vilas, have detailed descriptions of these hills and their spiritual importance. According to Srimad Bhagvatam, the major celestial mountains like Mainak Parvat, Nar Parvat, Narayan Parvat, Gandhmadan Parvat, Rohitanchal Parvat, wanted to see the transcendental leelas of Radha-Krishna and hence the Lord granted them permanent place in Braj as mountains.
These hills were claimed by Lord Krishna as his manifested form. According to legend when Krishna played his flute, he caused the hills to melt in Ananda, and the footprints of the Lord used to manifest on melting rocks. These prints can be seen at countless locations on the hills of Braj. There are several large rocks with significant historical backgrounds which lie within these mountains. For e.g. Khatshila was the rock on which Shri Krishna used to rest while the cattle grazed on the hills slopes. The biggest danger to these hills comes from illegal mining rampant in the region. The above mentioned Khatshila has been reduced to dust. Fisalini Shila – a natural slider where, according to legend, Krishna used to slide with his cowherd friends, now has a visible two inch wide crack.
The speed and magnitude of wanton mining has destroyed the holy hills of Braj which are termed as most scared in Hindu scriptures. Around the world, Braj is identified as a sacred place where Lord Krishna performed his various transcendental leelas. Millions of visitors come to visit this land, which for many is India's identity around the world. For NRIs in different parts of world the association with such a spiritual and charismatic land where Lord Krishna left his footprints, where lord Krishna performed those highly effusive leelas, has become the lifeblood of spiritualism.